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Other Terms: Cranial nerves, Cranial nerves set, Nervi craniales, Nerfs crâniens
Cranial nerves are a portion of the peripheral nervous system that comes from the brain instead of from the spinal cord. There are twelve pairs of cranial nerves. Cranial nerves are numbered by where they are along the longitudinal axis of the brain. There are sensory and motor cranial nerves.
Olfactory Nerve [I], Optic Nerve [II], Oculomotor Nerve [III], Trochlear Nerve [IV], Trigeminal Nerve [V], Abducens Nerve [VI], Facial Nerve [VII], Vestibulocochlear Nerve [VIII], Glossopharyngeal Nerve [IX], Vagus Nerve [X], Accessory Nerve [XI], and the Hypoglossal Nerve [XII]