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Superior belly of omohyoid

Other Terms: Venter superior (Musculus omohyoideus), Venter superior musculus omohyoidei

Muscle parts

Superior belly; Inferior belly

Latin name

Musculus omohyoideus

Latin muscle parts

Venter superior; Venter inferior


Cervical wall – ventral muscle (Infrahyoid muscle)


The English name for this muscle is the muscle of the shoulder and the hyoid bone. The term omo comes from the Greek word omos meaning “shoulder” and the term hyoid comes from its resemblance to the Greek letter upsilon (u), which is aspirated as hy. This is combined with the suffix eidos meaning “shape or form.”


Passes via an intermediate tendon to the superior belly, which inserts on the inferior border of the hyoid body laterally


Depresses an elevated hyoid bone and assists in raising the cervical fascia during inspiration.

Blood supply

Infrahyoid artery from the superior thyroid artery, suprahyoid branch of the lingual artery. Superficial cervical artery from the thyrocervical trunk of the subclavian artery. Inferior thyroid artery from the thyrocervical trunk of the subclavian artery


Venter superior musculus omohyoidei


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