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Other Terms: Musculus stylopharyngeus, Muscle stylo-pharyngien
Latin muscle parts
Branchial arch muscle – third arch (Pharyngeal muscle)
In English this muscle’s name is the muscle of the pillar and the throat. The word stylohyoid can be divided into the Greek words stylos meaning “pillar” and the term pharynx, what is referred to as the throat, arises from the Greek pharangos meaning “cleft, gulley, or ravine.”
Base of the styloid process on the medial surface
Passes between the superior and middle constrictors to attach to the tunica mucosa of the pharynx
Elevates the pharynx.
Glossopharyngeal nerve (Cranial nerve IX)
The muscle receives blood from the pharyngeal branches of the ascending pharyngeal artery.